If the task is to glue the wallpaper yourself, you need to follow a few rules when they are executed. In addition to a huge amount of patience, you should stock up on special tools, buy wallpaper for walls in the right amount (it is important to buy high-quality wallpapers), glue specifically for these wallpapers, and also familiarize yourself with the rules and techniques for performing such work. This is very true for those who are first faced with this type of activity.
What tools will be needed for wallpapering
Firstly, it is advisable to have a stepladder. You will also need a bucket or any similar container in which glue will be mixed. You will also need to take a roller, a flat brush, a ruler, a tape measure, a pencil, a wallpaper knife, a wallpaper brush (if the wallpaper is delicate), rubber rollers (wide and narrow), a plastic spatula, film or thick cardboard as a substrate when cutting panels, a rag or sponge to remove excess wallpaper glue. Do not forget about the construction level. It can be either ordinary, aluminum or plastic, or water or laser, which is much more convenient, but more expensive than the rest.
Counting surface area for gluing
After the tools are assembled, it is necessary to calculate the area of the surface to be glued, as well as the area of the wallpaper roll (if it is not written on the package). It is quite simple to calculate the surface area if it is a regular rectangle, for example, it is a ceiling or wall without window or doorways. A surface of complex shape is usually divided into small rectangles, and their area is summed.
The following affects the calculation of the number of wallpapers:
- dimensions (length, width) of wallpaper
- design, pattern, texture, type of wallpaper
- surface area to be glued
- flatness of the surface
- the presence of doors, windows, ledges, arches, etc. in the room
- design solution in the design of the room (sometimes different colors and types of wallpaper are used).
Surface preparation and wallpaper cutting
The surface area is calculated, the number of required rolls is determined. Then you should prepare the walls correctly. The first thing to check is whether the surface is even. For this, the construction level can be useful. Then you need to properly ground the walls or ceiling for better adhesion of materials.
Then you can start cutting panels. This is done on the floor, on a pre-lined substrate. It is imperative to make a margin of 2-3 cm in length. If there is a picture, the pattern should be taken into account immediately before gluing to the surface. In addition, there are such types of wallpaper, for example, non-woven, which can be glued without preliminary cutting into panels. Before starting work, it is necessary to mark the wall according to the location of the first panel with a vertical line. The ceiling is marked with a horizontal line.
How to choose glue for wallpapering
The adhesive should match the type of wallpaper chosen. The preparation of glue is carried out according to the instructions that are on each package. There is information on how much the composition should be infused after preparation.
How wallpapers are glued
Now you can apply glue. This is done with a fleecy roller, in hard-to-reach places – with a brush. Some types of wallpaper require applying the composition both on the panel itself and on the surface to be glued. For other types, applying glue to the surface is sufficient. If in doubt, it is better to familiarize yourself with the packaging from the wallpaper, usually there is such information.
You need to glue the wallpaper, focusing on the previously marked line, using a rubber roller to align the panel. Also, a special spatula is perfect for this. It is important that after leveling no air bubbles remain under the panel. Excess glue is removed with a sponge or rags. After this, you need to maximize the top junction of the panel with the ceiling (baguette) in order to cut off the excess.
The next panel is glued similarly to the first as close as possible so that the joint is invisible. If there is a picture, you need to monitor the conformity of the pattern. The next wall is glued from an adjacent corner. The remaining surfaces are glued similarly, including walls with door or window openings.
Do not forget to turn off the sockets and switches immediately before wallpapering. The cloth is glued over electrical boxes, then a hole of the required size and shape is simply cut.
If there are heating radiators in the room, it is better to remove them first. So sticking wallpaper will be much easier. But if for some reason this is not done, you can either glue the places behind the radiators gently with a screen of foamed material, or glue the wall with wallpaper partially, only in noticeable places.
Thus, having the necessary tool, as well as knowing the technology and the main nuances of the work, you can glue the wallpaper with your own hands.
Experienced craftsmen recommend taking on board a piece of advice that will allow you to paste wallpapers even alone. To do this, resort to a little trick: during the application of glue on the wallpaper should not stretch the strip on the floor. It is much more convenient to put the bottom edge of the canvas across the table, grease with glue and fold the strip with an accordion. Having done this with the entire length of the strip, you should get a kind of folding book. When gluing wallpaper to the wall, you need to take the edge that was last smeared with glue (this will be the top of the canvas), attach it neatly to the wall, and then, gradually unfolding the “accordion”, you can gradually glue the strip from top to bottom.
Work with wallpaper in the corners
Work with wallpaper in corner areas should be done with great care, the following tips will be useful for this:
- you should combine the wallpaper canvas, trying to prevent its “creep” in any direction by no more than 4-5 centimeters;
- glue the next strip from the corner so that these 4-5 centimeters overlap;
- at the final stage of work with the corner zone, you should carefully glue the joints and places where the wallpaper overlaps with glue, then press them properly until you see that the canvas is firmly attached to the wall surface (for this purpose, it is best to use a rubber or plastic spatula).
Note! The quality of wall-paper plays a big role in how much this wallpaper will serve you. The better you bought the wallpaper, the easier it will be to stick on and the more they will serve you.
Common mistakes with improper wallpapering
Wallpapering is one of the simplest types of repair and finishing work, which does not require any special education or exceptional skill. Nevertheless, people who undertake to glue wallpaper on their own often make mistakes that lead to very depressing results. Glued wallpaper peels off, swelling, greasy spots, distortions, and sometimes breaks appear on them. Store specialist https://rulon.net.ua which sells and sticks wallpaper, advises you to pay attention to the most common mistakes when sticking wallpaper:
Mismatch of the final pattern is perhaps the most common mistake when self-gluing wallpaper. It is very easy to avoid it, you just need to correctly match the pattern immediately before cutting. Naturally, you should not cut the entire roll ahead of time. Maximum two or three lanes.
Stains, folds and swelling – as a rule, the cause of these unpleasant phenomena is non-compliance with the temperature regime, as well as instructions for preparing the glue. Bubbles form when air gets under the wallpaper. To prevent their appearance, immediately after sticking the strip on the wall, it must be carefully smoothed out with a soft, clean rag, drawing it from the center to the edges.
Also, the cause of blisters, wrinkles and other deformations can be the low temperature of the room, the adhesive composition, as well as drafts. Proper wallpaper gluing should be carried out at room temperature, windows should be closed in the room, and the temperature of the glue should be approximately 30-35 degrees celsius. If work is carried out in the summer in extreme heat, the room must first be moistened by placing several containers of water on the floor. Upon completion of work, the room should remain unventilated for at least a day.
Strictly adhere to the instructions for preparing the glue. Glues of animal origin should not be heated too much, as this may cause them to lose their properties. Also remember that for each type of wallpaper you need to use a different type of glue. So, if you use strong vinyl glue when gluing thin paper wallpapers, they may appear swelling, stains and stains.
Wallpaper peeling – occurs when the temperature regime and glue preparation technologies are not observed, as well as gluing onto an unprepared surface. Before starting the main work, the wall must be thoroughly cleaned of the remnants of old wallpaper, cracks and bumps must be puttied, and then the surface must be covered with an acrylic primer, which can be purchased at any hardware store.
Breaks in the inner corners – this trouble happens when the inner corner is covered with a solid canvas. To avoid this, it is necessary to cut the wallpaper in such a way that the first strip overlaps the corner by only 3 centimeters. The next strip is glued close to the corner wall, overlapping a three-centimeter section.
Strongly visible joints – joints can be noticeable if the correct direction of the light is not taken into account. Wallpaper should be glued, starting from the window and moving deeper into the room. And only when gluing thin wallpaper with an overlap, you should follow the opposite direction, that is, from the corners to the window.