Indian province of Assam is famous not only for the tea variety of the same name, this region is also considered the birthplace of mango – the “king of fruits”, the delicious fruit of Indian mango (Mangifera indica), belonging to the Anacardia family. It grows in a tropical and subtropical climate, the fruits are oval, heavy, the size of a large pear. The color of the mango peel — yellow, red-green, green, brown-green, red, and even almost black — depends on the variety of fruit, which is more than 300. The fruit pulp is juicy, dense, bright orange or dark yellow in color, with long fibers which are sometimes quite hard. The taste of mango is sweet, with light sourness, the aroma is strong, fruity. The fruit has a large hairy bone, which is poorly separated from the pulp.
How does a mango grow?
Mango is an evergreen tree, the height of which sometimes reaches 40 meters. But modern breeders produced dwarf breeds, which is very convenient for those who grow this fruit on an industrial scale.
At a young age, the leaves of the tree are painted in a reddish tint, but over time, the older the plant, the stronger the saturated green color will appear.
During flowering, the crown is covered with small yellow flowers. There are several varieties of mango, each of them is different in color and size of the fruit itself. And some are even prone to self-pollination. Fruits are not tied if the tree grows in inconvenient climatic conditions. Night temperature should be above 13 degrees. Mango does not like a high level of humidity, for the fruitful growth should be fresh air and a sufficient amount of light. That is why the plant try to plant in the open.
What does mango fruit look like?
Mangoes can be yellow, green, orange, red. In shape, they resemble a slightly elongated egg-shaped structure. The average weight varies from 200-250 grams.
But quite often you can find fruits that weigh up to 400-500 grams, and these champions are considered to weigh up to 1.5 kilograms.
Mango peel is quite dense and smooth. The pulp is fibrous with a sweet taste. Inside is a large bone of light yellow color, slightly flattened on both sides.
Composition and beneficial properties of mango
The composition of the product: beta-carotene, vitamins of group B (B1, B2, B5, B6, B9), A, C, D, as well as the necessary minerals: potassium, calcium, zinc, manganese, iron, phosphorus. Mango is rich in fiber and pectin. Sucrose, organic acids and mangosteen put mango in a number of useful products that strengthen the protective functions of the body and are powerful antioxidants. Mango has antipyretic property, helps prevent the occurrence and development of malignant tumors, especially in the pelvic organs and urinary system. Mango can be considered a natural antidepressant, because the fruit helps relieve nervous tension, relieve stress and improve mood, and mango is a recognized aphrodisiac acting on partners of both sexes.
Health Benefits from Mango Fruit
On the beneficial properties of mango can talk for hours. There are really a lot of benefits from it, which is why we will try to highlight the most basic points:
- First of all, it is the main “supplier” of ascorbic acid. There are several times more vitamin C in it than in lemons. Due to this feature, fruit is recommended to eat with a cold.
- Mango is able to positively affect the human bone tissue and at the same time accelerates the process of wound healing.
- Mango fruits can lower cholesterol in the blood.
- During the experiment, American scientists found that the fruit accelerates the excretion of sugar from the human body. Due to such features, the fruit is worth to those who have diabetes or have a tendency to be overweight.
- Fetal effects on the cardiovascular system are not less. The components that they contain, can strengthen blood vessels, as well as facilitate the flow of inflammation and allergies.
- Due to the fact that mango contains large amounts of vitamins A and C, it is much easier for the body to tolerate colds. If the body does not have enough vitamin A, then it may affect the quality of vision in the evening.
- Mango components are able to destroy free radicals that negatively affect brain cells. It can also serve as a prevention of cancer, namely breast and prostate cancer.
- Due to the high content of potassium, the fruit is able to regulate blood pressure, as well as maintain electrolyte, water and acid-base balance.
- High fiber content improves the digestive system, normalizes the intestinal microflora and removes all toxins from the body.
- Vitamin B6 is able to cope with stressful situations. Regular consumption of fruit helps calm down and improve the health of the nervous system.
Mango is also a dietary product, it is able to improve metabolic processes and accelerate the excretion of body fluids.
Harm and side effects of mango
Despite such a huge list of healthy qualities of mango, there is still a group of people who need to be careful when using this fruit:
- It is not advisable to eat it for children under 3 years old. The fact is that mango is an exotic fruit, which is practically not represented in our countries. It is not known how the children’s organism can react to the introduction of a new product.
- After you have eaten a piece of fruit, try to eliminate alcohol intake for at least 2-3 hours.
- Mango is contraindicated for owners of sensitive mucosa.
- Caution should also be those who are prone to allergic reactions.
How to choose a mango?
Choosing a ripe mango can sometimes seem rather difficult. Due to the rich colors, the exact appearance characteristics simply do not exist. But still there are a few rules that you should pay attention to when buying mangoes:
- The peel of a ripe fruit should be smooth, shiny and beautiful. The presence of small brown patches will also talk about the maturity of the fetus.
- To the touch the fruit is quite dense and heavy. By pushing lightly on it, a small dent should form, which almost immediately flattens out. Too soft fruits will say that inside they begin to deteriorate.
- If the mango has overcame, then its peel will be flabby with numerous deep wrinkles.
- The aroma of a ripe fruit is pleasant and delicate with a sweet tinge. Alcoholic notes and the presence of acid in the smell will say that the fruit is spoiled.
- If you buy too green fruit, it is unlikely at home can bring them to a ripe state.
How to cut a mango fruit
- To clear the fruit, the mango should be divided into two halves with a knife.
- The cutting process takes place around the stone.
- To get even mango cubes, you need to remove the bone from the halves, cut the inside, avoiding touching the peel, into slices, across them.
- After performing manipulations with a knife, turn out the peel, cut the cubes.
You can eat mangoes alone or as part of fruit salads, various dishes prepared according to recipes.