Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)
What is eczema?
Eczema is the general name for various skin conditions that are accompanied by itching. The most common forms of eczema are atopic, occupational (contact), seborrheic, and childhood.
Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a condition that makes your skin red and itchy. It’s common in children but can occur at any age. Atopic dermatitis is long lasting (chronic) and tends to flare periodically. It may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever. No cure has been found for atopic dermatitis.
What causes eczema?
Eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin disease of an allergic nature. The causes of the onset and development of pathology have not yet been studied, but it is believed that allergic diseases and genetic prerequisites are provoking factors.
What aggravates eczema?
In some cases, stressful situations or prolonged depression can become the cause of eczema. Studies have shown that an exacerbation of the pathology occurs when there are violations in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as in the case of improperly formed eating habits.
Why does eczema get worse in winter?
In the cold season, the skin experiences an increased load, so at this time, exacerbations of eczema occur more often or atopic dermatitis appears for the first time. Particularly affected skin in open areas – the face, hands.
How to diagnose eczema?
Traditionally, a blood test is performed, and microscopic examination of the skin may be required. In some cases, consultation with a gastroenterologist, immunologist, allergist, nutritionist is additionally recommended.