Papaya is also known as Carica Papaya – it has medicinal and nutritive value which is a reason why this fruit is very popular. It can promote better heart health, improve the immune system, give you a relief from the toothache and it can help you to have better digestion. Papaya is harmful for pregnant women because this fruit is considered as “hot” fruit.
Papaya has high amounts of latex which can lead to uterine contractions which in many cases is a reason for abortions. Also if you consume papaya in high amounts, then this can lead to laxative effects in the intestines. The black seeds of this fruit have a potentially toxic substance. It is an enzyme known as carpine. This enzyme can make the nerve centers to numb which is a reason for cardiac depression or paralysis.
Papaya is sweet and tasty, and at the same time this fruit is an excellent low-calorie food for people on a diet. 100 grams of papaya – 39 calories. Papaya contains proteins, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins of groups B, A, C, D, as well as potassium, phosphorus, iron, calcium, sodium and the enzyme albumin. Papaya is as useful as a melon, one would think that yellow color gives carotene, but in the case of papaya it is caricaxanthin.
The healing properties of papaya are recognized since ancient times. This fruit is extremely useful for digestion, as papain contained in it helps the body extract maximum nutrients from food. Papaya juice is sometimes used to treat insect bites and relieve pain from burns. Papaya is also actively used in the production of cosmetics worldwide. This fruit is used for exfoliating the skin, and papaya juice is used to treat skin diseases. Papaya is recommended for duodenal ulcer, colitis, bronchial asthma.
This fruit normalizes the liver, blood sugar. With the help of papaya clean the intestines, it gives strength and vitality to the body. Papaya is able to neutralize the effect of excess acid in the stomach of a person, and therefore is useful for those who suffer from heartburn, hernia or gastritis. It is also recommended for pregnant women. Easily digested, mashed papaya is an ideal baby food and a great tonic for growing children. Papaya juice is very useful. In some tropical countries it is used in the treatment of the spine, gastric diseases and eczema.
But this does not end its useful properties: papaya juice is an excellent anthelmintic agent. Papaya is also used externally: in medicine – for the treatment of burns, and in cosmetology – for removing unwanted hair and for removing freckles. Its mechanism of action on the hair is simple: it destroys keratin, thus weakening grown hair and preventing the emergence of new ones. From the peel of the still unripe papaya fruit, milky juice is obtained, which, when dried, is used by modern medicine to cure eczema, as well as various gastric diseases.
Benefits of Papaya fruit: Healthiest Foods
When we consume papaya, then we improve our immune system. There was a study in Japan in which is said that papaya has antioxidants that can improve our immune system. Also there are proves about the roots and flowers of the papaya in which is said that it has health benefits that can keep us away from kidney colic, bronchitis and jaundice.
Papaya helps fight arthritis:
There are some studies in which is shown that papayas has many health benefits that can keep us away from osteoarthritis and rheumatoid. Papaya has chemopapain which is enzyme that can control the osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Benefits of papaya during menstruation:
Women who have irregular periods can use papaya juice in their diets. Also you can consume unripe, green papayas if you want to normalize the irregularity of the period cycle. This fruit is producing heat in the body which is a reason why it is considered as “hot food”. When we have excessive production of heat in our bodies, then this leads to stimulation of the estrogen hormone. This induces periods in women.
Papaya is rich with Vitamin E, Vitamin C and folate which can reduce the motion sickness by producing a tonic effect in the intestines and in the stomach. The ripened form of this fruit and it’s juice can help to aid the digestion. Also it has fiber that can help you to increase the bowel movement. When you have improved bowel movement, then this eases the passage of stool which also will reduce the effects of constipation.
Papaya for macular degeneration:
One disease of the eyes is the macular degeneration. When we have macular degeneration, then our ocular cells become degenerated which lead to blurred vision and in some cases it can lead to blindness. You should add papaya in your diet because it will reduce the risk of getting this age – related illness. Papayas have antioxidant which is named as beat – carotene and this antioxidant give the color of this fruit. Also this component will reduce the risk of getting macular degeneration which is similar when we consume carrots. There are some studies in which is shown that if you consume three or more servings of papaya on daily basis, then this will decrease your chances of getting macular degeneration.
Anti – inflammatory effects:
Papayas are rich with chymopapain and papain which are enzymes. They reduce the inflammation in different parts of our bodies.
Reduce acne and burns:
The latex that is obtained from papayas is used as natural treatment for acne. You can use the fleshy side of the papaya skin as mask if you want to rid of the acne. If you eat papaya at regular basis, then this will help you to cure the conditions internally which will make your skin clear. Also you can apply the latex on the burnt area because this will help you to reduce the marks which are caused by burns.
Papaya improves heart health:
You can add the seeds of this fruit in your diet because they are beneficial for the heart health. They have Vitamin E, Vitamin C and Vitamin A which can prevent diabetic heart disease and atherosclerosis. Also papaya have pro – carotenoid phytonutrients which are helpful in the prevention of oxidization of cholesterol in your body.
Benefits of papaya for female beauty and youth
- Due to the papaya content of natural antioxidants and alpha-hydroxy acids, it is used to remove dead cells from the skin surface.
- Compresses of papaya accelerate the healing of wounds and relieve traces of acne.
- Fruit enzymes, of which there are a large number of papaya, allow the fruit to be used for a soft peeling.
- Papaya is also useful in that it stimulates the production of natural collagen, and this is very important for keeping the skin young.
- Masks with the use of a tropical fruit help to get rid of freckles and age spots.
- Papaya extract is included in cosmetics for rejuvenation, moisturizing and tightening the skin.
- The high content of vitamin A, accelerates the formation of new skin cells, and beta-carotene helps to moisturize it.
- Papaya seed oil is rich in potassium and vitamins A and C, so it tones the skin well, reduces sebum production, and contributes to the narrowing of pores.
- Papaya oil enhances hair growth, strengthens, nourishes the roots and prevents hair loss. It can be used as an air conditioner.
- The enzyme papain contained in the fruit, include in the composition of toothpastes and other dental products for the treatment of caries and oral diseases.
- Apply papaya not only for cosmetic purposes. The fruit is useful in osteochondrosis, as it contains enzymes that promote the formation of connective tissue.
- The presence of a sufficient amount of vitamins A, B and D in papaya has a positive effect on lowering blood sugar levels and lowering the acidity of gastric juice.
Dangerous properties and side effects of papaya
Despite the fact that papaya is a healthy dietary fruit, it also has certain peculiarities, the ignorance of which can harm the body. In unripe fruit, papaya juice is poisonous and dangerous. The composition, more precisely, in the juice of the plant, includes an alkaloid karipain, which is called juice-latex. In large quantities it is a dangerous poison, causing allergies, skin irritation, indigestion, poisoning, and abdominal pain.
If you bought a papaya and saw that its juice is colorless and watery, it means that there are poisonous qualities, which is why you cannot use the fruit for food. Juice of good quality should have a white uniform color.
Therefore, when choosing papaya, it is necessary to choose ripe fruits, which should be soft and smooth, have a bright yellow color. If you have any doubts about the maturity, then it is worth extinguishing the flesh of the fruit, and serve as stew. Do not use papaya for people who are prone to allergies or have intolerance to this fruit. Papaya is quite an exotic fruit for us, so if you include it in your diet, try to follow the measures.
How to choose papayas
Ripe fruits should have a yellow color. They may have a small blush, but the presence of green streaks is undesirable.
Quality fruits should be slightly soft, with a smooth skin. They should not be dark spots, mechanical damage.
Good product has a sweet aroma with light floral notes. If the smell is sharp and the fruit is very soft, it means that it has already begun to rot.
Ripe papayas are recommended to be stored in the refrigerator for no more than seven days. If only unripe fruits are on sale, then their ripening can be accelerated in the following ways:
- Take a paper bag, put it in the fruit of papaya and a few bananas;
- Incise the skin of the fruit in three or four places, the narrow end is placed in a glass container. Keep them at room temperature until ripe.