Osteoporosis Risk Factors
- Sex: Women are more likely to develop osteoporosis.
- Age: As you get older, your risk for osteoporosis rises.
- Family history: Having a family history of osteoporosis puts you at a greater risk for developing the disease.
- Body frame: Both men and women who have smaller frames have a greater risk of developing osteoporosis because they might have less bone mass.
- Osteoporosis is more common in people who have too much, or too little, of certain hormones.
- For women, lowered estrogen levels, which usually occurs around menopause, puts them at a greater risk.
- For men, a gradual reduction of testosterone as they age can also trigger osteoporosis.
- Thyroid problems, like too much of the thyroid hormone, can cause bone loss.
- Overactive parathyroid and adrenal glands have also been linked to osteoporosis.
- Low calcium intake over a lifetime can affect the development of osteoporosis.
- Eating disorders also put people at a greater risk of osteoporosis because proper nutrients don’t get to the bones.
- Gastrointestinal surgery, which reduces the size of the stomach, limits the amount of nutrients that can be absorbed.
Steroids and Some Medications
- Long-term use of corticosteroid medications interferes with how your body rebuild’s your bones.
- Medications that are used to treat seizures, gastric reflux, cancer and transplant rejections can also increase osteoporosis risk.
- Those who aren’t active and who spend a lot of time sitting have a higher risk for developing osteoporosis.
- Excessive alcohol consumption contributes to the risk.
- Smoking tobacco causes weaker bones.
- A gradual loss of height and poor posture
- Fractures in the spine, wrist or hip
Lower Your Risk of Osteoporosis
– Exercising, which is a proven method to improve bone strength and even slow bone loss. The Mayo Clinic suggests combining strength-training exercises with weight-bearing exercises.
Hormone therapy: This can be effective in treating osteoporosis since hormones play a major part in the onset of the disease. Women might be given estrogen, for example, but it’s important to discuss this thoroughly with your doctor, because increased estrogen levels can also cause complications like blood clots.
Dietary changes: These include adding more calcium and vitamin D to your diet.
Exercise: Increased physical activity has proven to help increase bone density and slow bone loss.